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A toy programming language.


This header defines the structure Toy_RefString, as well as all of the related utilities.

refstring is a stand-alone utility written to reduce the amount of memory manipulation used within Toy. It was independantly written and tested, before being incorporated into Toy proper. As such it has it’s own memory management API, which by default is tied into Toy’s core memory API.

Instances of Toy_RefString are reference counted - that is, rather than copying an existing string in memory, a pointer to the refstring is returned, and the internal reference counter is increased by 1. When the pointer is no longer needed, Toy_DeleteRefString can be called; this will decrement the internal reference counter by 1, and only free it when it reaches 0. This has multiple benefits, when used correctly:

This module reserves the right to instead preform a deep copy when it sees fit (this is for future debugging purposes).

Defined Interfaces

typedef void* (Toy_RefStringAllocatorFn)(void pointer, size_t oldSize, size_t newSize)

This interface conforms to Toy’s memory API, and generally shouldn’t be used.

Defined Functions

void Toy_setRefStringAllocatorFn(Toy_RefStringAllocatorFn)

This function conforms to and is invoked by Toy’s memory API, and generally shouldn’t be used.

Toy_RefString* Toy_createRefString(const char* cstring)

This function wraps Toy_CreateRefStringLength, by determining the length of the given cstring and passing it to the other function.

Toy_RefString* Toy_createRefStringLength(const char* cstring, size_t length)

This function returns a new Toy_RefString, containing a copy of cstring, or NULL on error.

This function also sets the returned refstring’s reference counter to 1.

void Toy_deleteRefString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function reduces the refString’s reference counter by 1 and, if it reaches 0, frees the memory.

int Toy_countRefString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function returns the total number of references to refString, for debugging.

size_t Toy_lengthRefString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function returns the length of the underlying cstring of refString.

Toy_RefString* Toy_copyRefString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function increases the reference counter of refString by 1, before returning the given pointer.

Toy_RefString* Toy_deepCopyRefString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function behaves identically to Toy_copyRefString, except that it explicitly preforms a deep copy of the internal memory. Using this function should be done carefully, as it incurs a performance penalty that negates the benefit of this module.

const char* Toy_toCString(Toy_RefString* refString)

This function exposes the interal cstring of refString. Only use this function when dealing with external APIs.

bool Toy_equalsRefString(Toy_RefString* lhs, Toy_RefString* rhs)

This function returns true when the two refstrings are either the same refstring, or contain the same value. Otherwise it returns false.

bool Toy_equalsRefStringCString(Toy_RefString* lhs, char* cstring)

This function returns true when the refString contains the same value as the cstring. Otherwise it returns false.